I would like to share some observations I have discovered.
Myself, I have gratuated a commercial high school and studied afterwards forestry and wildlife ecology. Therefore I received both a strong ecological and econmical education and during my time as a student I discovered that there are quite a lot similarties in ecosystems and economical cycles, as for example
Competiton: In economics competition is a major factor for growth and better quality of goods. In nature, competition is one reason for evolution, but there also a few interesting facts that lifeforms get used to competiton. One exapmples are crocodiles, these species are very old and there were only little change in their genes for the fact that altough the have competition with other canivores, there are very well adapted to their ecosystem that there is no real big change necessary. In large flocks of zebras, bisons and other grazing animals, there is high competition for food and water, just because of the high number of individuals. However there is competition, the herde also provides safety from lions and lepards. So even there is competiton for a major ressources, there is also a form of cooperation and solidarity.
Growth: In nature is growth always restricted, as most organisms looses their abililty to grow. Concerning populations, growth is limited by ressources (food, water). There are cases that populations grow fastly for a certain time period – especially insects can do so due to their ability to produce huge numbers of offspring in very short time, but the population starts to decline as soon as one oft the majour ressources cannot any longer sustain the whole population.
It seems therfore almost naive to publish theories of unlimited growth in a limited world – when nature proves it year for year that unlimited growth is just not possible.
Another huge difference between our economic system and ecosystems is the poor distribution of resources, respectively wealth. We have now these very wired situation that the 50 richtest persons own more than 50 % of worlds population. This is really really against all nature systems rules. In ecosystem, no individual how strong it ever may be could collect these amounts of weath (ressources), and not at all when large amounts of the population starves. So humans have created this very unique system were indiviuals with such high numbers of ressources they could never consume by their own are protected by society rules whereas many humans starve. Of course, hunger is a problem that encounters many populations, but always because there is a lack of ressources in general, never because a small group of individuals take much more than what they need.
As shown above, there are very interesting similarities between ecosystems and economic cycles. Maybe it would be interesting to develop a new form of economic systems based on what we can learn from ecosytems. Just for the fact that our ruling economic system – capitalism – works on a very, very poor level.